Malaria was first discovered in 1880 by Charles Louis Alphonse. In 1952 Malaria was eliminated in the United States. In 1955 the World Health Organization launched Global Eradication Campaign which excluded Sub-Saharan Africa. In 1996 bednets where proven effective in stopping malaria. 3.3 billion people were at risk of contracting malaria in 2010 and every year malaria causes 216 million new cases and 655,000 deaths. 30 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and 5 in Asia are where 98% of global malaria deaths take place. One-third of Malaria deaths have been cut over the last decade and cases have been reduced by 50%, however there are still many infected by the disease
Malaria Overview International Medical Corps:
“International Medical Corps is committed to fighting malaria worldwide through treatment, prevention and educational activities. We work to integrate anti-malaria programs into primary health care services and introduce new malaria protocols and drug combinations to combat the disease. For International Medical Corps, malaria control is not only vital for stopping this deadly disease, but also for improving child and maternal health and fostering resilient and self-reliant nations.”
“The World Health Organization estimates that 3.3 billion people were at risk of malaria in 2010. Every year, malaria causes about 216 million new cases and 655,000 deaths. With undeveloped or weakened immune systems, young children and pregnant women are most vulnerable to malaria.
Malaria flourishes in warm, tropical climates and disproportionately impacts poor countries. Thirty-five countries (30 in sub-Saharan Africa and 5 in Asia) account for 98% of global malaria deaths. In Africa, malaria is the second leading cause of death from infectious disease, after HIV/ AIDS. Every minute, a child in Africa dies as a result of the disease.
Some progress in combating this deadly disease has been made in large part due to heavy investments in malaria prevention as part of the UN’s Millennium Development Goal to have halted and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases. In Africa, malaria deaths have been cut by one third within the last decade; outside of Africa, 35 out of the 53 countries, affected by malaria, have reduced cases by 50% in the same time period.
Malaria is spread by mosquitoes infected with a parasite called Plasmodium, which in many parts of the world has developed resistance to malaria medicine. In humans, the parasite multiplies in the liver and infects red blood cells, which can disrupt blood flow to vital organs. Symptoms usually appear between 10 and 15 days after a mosquito bite and include fever, headache, chills and vomiting. These symptoms often get ignored or misdiagnosed; if left untreated, malaria can quickly become fatal.”
Information from World Health Organization
Have Halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases. — Millennium Development Goals Report 2010
Goal 6 of the Millennium Development Goals of 2010 is to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, & other diseases.
Mosquito net production has increased from 30 million in 2004 to 150 million in 2009.
Nothing But Nets is a campaign that raises awareness and money to donate to people in need.
A mere $10 can provide a family with a mosquito net and can potentially save numerous people from malarial infections.
CLICK ON THE PHOTO TO ACCESS THE WEBPAGE AND MAKE YOUR DONATION!
90% of all malaria-related deaths are in sub-Saharan Africa.
Interviewed consumers paid a mean price of $0.58 for all ACTs [artemisinin-based combination therapy].
—Which is the recommended treatment for malaria. —
Treatment should begin promptly within 24 hours of the first onset of symptoms. The malaria infection should be confirmed through parasite-based diagnostic testing, which can yield a result in 15 minutes or less. Once correctly diagnosed, the most effective form of treatment is artemisinin-based combination therapy and is most effective on Plasmodium falciparum.
In 2009, there were an estimated 255 million cases of malaria worldwide.
“According to the World malaria report 2011, there were about 216 million cases of malaria and an estimated 655,000 deaths in 2010. Malaria mortality rates have fallen by more than 25% globally since 2000, and by 33% in the WHO African Region.”
“In highly endemic regions, both prevalence of infection and incidence of severe malaria are high in young children and pregnant women, whereas in older children and adults prevalence of infection is higher, while incidence of severe cases is lower.”
Economic Burden of Prevention and Treatment
Female Anopheles carrying infected blood.